On the other hand, the ICT industry as a whole has an important role to play in helping stakeholders to reduce their environmental footprint. For instance, ICTs can help replace travelling and unnecessary transportation with smart communication services.
Energy consumption within the organization (G4-EN3)
|Share of renewables
|Electricity, heating, cooling and steam purchased for consumption
Direct and energy indirect greenhose gas (GHG) emissions (scope 1 and 2), tons CO2-eq (G4 EN15 AND 16)
Energy consumption per energy carrier
Electricity consumption is the major source for Tele2´s emissions of greenhouse gases. In Greenhouse Gas Protocol there are two alternative methods for calculating the emissions in scope 2; the location-based method and the market-based method. The location-based method consider the average emission intensity for the whole grid while the market-based method consider the market for Guarantees of Origin. Using the market-based method allow you to choose low emitting production, but if you do not make an active choice the emission intensity for the so called "residual mix" will be higher than the average of the whole grid. As the choice of method have such an impact on the calculations of Tele2's greenhouse gas emissions the result is disclosed with both methods where the market-based method always shows the highest value. Tele2´s electricity consumption increased with 20 percent compared to 2014 as a result of constructions of new masts and base stations in Kazakhstan and the Netherlands. Electricity consumed in base stations, which counts for approximately 76/79 percent of our total emissions, is by far the largest source of indirect emissions.
Based on the result in 2015, Tele2 could be said to have a potential environmental liability related to climate change of 108,059/156,154 tons of CO2-eq. Should these emissions be regulated, for instance as a result of an international agreement, it could mean an estimated cost of 816,928/1,180,525 EUR for buying allowances, calculated by using today's spot price in the EU Emission Trading System (EU-ETS) (7.56 EUR, 2015 average). Since it could not be considered likely that ICTs would be included in the EU ETS, calculations on the open carbon market could mean a different price. According to the second Stern report, which was published in June 2014, the price on carbon dioxide that is needed to avoid more than 2 degree above pre-industrial levels, is 32-103$ per ton. If Tele2's emissions for 2015 where monetarily transformed with the price of 103$ per ton the cost would be 10.0/14.5 MEUR.